IBM’s Watson Challenge: Future Computing

Posted by Dr. James Canton on November 18, 2011 under Uncategorized | Be the First to Comment

My friends at IBM research invited me and small group to the latest Watson Challenge at UC Berkeley and Stanford this week. I had a deep dive into the computing technology behind Watson and it was a exceptional.

Watson, named for the founder of IBM, was the computer that beat the World chess champ and recently became the winner over the humans on Jeopardy. Now Wellpoint the health care provider to 60,000 patients wants to hire Watson to do decision analysis.

I know what your thinking–HAL from 2001, the Matrix and Terminator’s Skynet cannot be far off. If we have Angry Birds will we have Angry Computers? This is a fair question. Luddites don’t unite just yet. There are legitimate concerns about supercomputers running our world in ways that humans do not approve of where humans are oppressed by computers. We are not there yet.

What the folks at IBM do get credit for is experimenting with inventing new ways to intelligently use data and computing to maybe, just maybe make the planet and our future a better place. Other then just making a commercial product they are making a profound contribution to computing technology but also are doing some Big Thinking about how we can use computers in health care, security, transportation and safety to better meet grand planetary challenges.

For this I give them lots of credit, willing to think big and apply computing to larger more holistic frameworks. If we are going to face the big challenges of our day and the future, Watson and computers and AI’s like Watson, who become, even evolve into true thinking machines with IDH Intelligence Different then Humans will make the difference.

Watson is a learning computer operating at 80 terabytes of power and 15 terabytes of memory. What makes Watson interesting is not the techno data but the combination of machine learning, natural language processing and reasoning programming. Watson is the beginning of a new more powerful era of thinking machines.

Is Watson a true AI, an artificial intelligence I asked the IBM team, is “he” capable do you think one day of self-awareness? maybe even consciousness? They don’t think Watson now or in the future will achieve self-awareness and after the deep dive into the technology behind Watson I agree.

AI, once known as the fifth generation of computing project ran into many barriers over the past 30 year of computing. Theoretically AI, thinking machines are possible and likely but not based on the still rudimentary computer tools we have today.

What future does Watson point to? Intuitive computing based on nanoscience-based computer chips, software that is genetic-inspired, Cloud Computing networks, quantum information systems and synthetic biology when mashed up will offer new hardware, software and computing ontologies that will transform the future of computing.

So real AI, that can advise us and invent new solutions for a planet in conflict dealing with poverty, explosive population, war, climate change and business requires a new computing model well beyond where we can can envision today. Are we there yet? No but we are on the way.

The exploration of evolutionary biology, as a computing platform is a direction I am interesting in exploring. Computers that use GA and GP, genetic programming and algo’s may hold the key to future computers.
Computing that is based on network cloud deployed anywhere AI, cloud based intelligence, with a personality, now that is coming.

If we are really going to make a better world we need next gen tools like Watson to help us get there. When Watson builds the next Watson then we will perhaps discover a new generation of post-human computing, built by computers that can help the humans figure this all out.
Stay tuned.

The Four Forces that will Shape the Future of Medicine

Posted by Dr. James Canton on April 23, 2011 under Uncategorized | 2 Comments to Read

The 4 P’s of medicine: Prediction, Personalization, Prevention and Promotion will redefine medicine in the near future over the next 3-10 years–maybe sooner.

Prediction will be possible due to a new era of bioinformatics and personal DNA sequencing and ultimately a new mass epidemiology and genomic public health that’s coming. We will map diseases, geomaps that will tell us who and where people get sick.

We will know more about who gets sick and why, the patterns and maps of predicting disease will reveal this in our lifetimes. Today we have a predictive model to determine 70-80% of illness. Tomorrow 95%.

Personalized medicine, targeted at individuals, using massive supercomputing resources to identify genomic precursors and biotags that signal disease is next. From fMRI’s to Health Profiling is coming. Jobs, insurance, dating, marriage, crime and sports will be influenced in nefarious ways not all ethically hard to imagine–think You are your DNA.

Prevention will be possible when we have mastered the medical knowledge engineering of prediction–genomic, behavioral, neural, biological etc. We will know before we can predict, as we do now with certain Cancers and other diseases. Amazing how little people can know but choose not to.

I was giving a keynote on the future of medicine to an affluent group of business leaders in Washington DC and less then 20% of the audience were talking statins to prevent heart disease. Disturbing given the knowledge that statins reduce the risk of heart disease and can even retard and prevent heart disease by 30-50%.

Promoting healthy behaviors as well as prevention and personalized medical treatments is the fourth force. A society that wants to live long and prosper must promote healthy policies and practices. Promotion will become a national security issue if your society is depopulating like Italy or Japan.

Business can do much to tie jobs, incentives, bonuses and advancement to health. Enhance your health and advance your career. A new work ethic may be born.

The whole idea of health enhancement, the by product of these four forces that will shape the future of medicine is that individuals may choose to go beyond their limitations of age, health and even what it is to be human in normal society. Vast new choices to enhance ones intelligence or stamina will be offered in the near future. Think legal drugs that refresh your memory–Viagra for the Mind and enable your to access entirely new parts of your brain or your networked brain–in the Cloud.

Oh the places we could go…

Stay Tuned